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What is legitimation?

Legitimation is the process that fathers use (other than marriage to the mother) to establish parental rights to their children who were born out of wedlock. Without legitimation, such fathers have no right to custody or visitation of those children (although the laws say they have the obligation to support them financially). Without legitimation, mothers have sole custody of children born out of wedlock. Also, children born out of wedlock do not automatically have the right to inherit from their fathers.

What is NOT legitimation?


Besides legitimation, there are several ways to establish that a man is the biological father of a child. However, unless a man has legitimated his child, he has not established his parental rights to his child. Here are some examples of things that are NOT a legitimation: 1) enrolling the child in school, 2) being named the father in a paternity test, 3) agreeing to or being ordered to pay child support, 4) naming the child in the father's last will and testament, or 5) and, prior to 2008, signing the child's birth certificate.

How do you legitimate a child?

There are 2 basic ways to legitimate a child (other than marriage to the mother):

1) The father can file a Petition for Legitimation with the courts. The mother must be formally notified and she has the right to attend the court hearing. Fathers who file such a Petition do not have the absolute right to have the judge sign an order legitimating the child. The court will only legitimate the child if the court believes that the legitimation is in the child's best interests

2) Both parents can sign a voluntary Acknowledgment of Paternity form and agree in that form to legitimate the child. This form should be available at the hospital when the child is born and also at any Vital Records office in Georgia.

Where should you file a Petition for Legitimation:

The Petition for Legitimation is usually filed in the Superior Court in the county where the mother lives. Sometimes, if the mother cannot be found or lives out of state, the petition can be filed in the county where the father lives. If there is an adoption pending, the legitimation should be filed where the adoption is pending. The petition can be filed in Juvenile court if there is already an active juvenile court case regarding the child. To have the legitimation decided at the same time as a paternity case, the father can file a "third-party" Petition for Legitimation.


Asylum seekers detained after entering the United States are entitled to prompt and fair credible fear interviews and, for those found to have credible asylum claims, bond hearings. This case challenges the punitive practice of keeping asylum seekers in custody for weeks or months without access to credible fear interviews or bond hearings and the lack of basic procedural protections—like hearing transcripts and written decisions—in bond hearings, as well as whether asylum seekers must bear the burden of proof in bond proceedings. 

The case was filed as a class action in the U.S. District Court for the Western District of North Washington. In December, the district court judge rejected the Defendants’ attempt to dismiss the case on jurisdictional grounds, and in March, the court certified two nationwide classes of certain individuals seeking credible fear interviews and post-credible fear interview bond hearings. Plaintiffs are represented by the Northwest Immigrant Rights Project and the American Immigration Council.

On April 5, 2019, the court ordered the government either to provide qualifying individuals with bona fide asylum claims with a bond hearing before an immigration judge within seven days of their request or to release them from detention. The court further ordered that, at those bond hearing, the government must justify continued detention, record all bond hearings and produce the recording or transcript on appeal, and produce a written decision with particularized determinations of individualized findings at the conclusion of the bond hearing. The government has 30 days to implement these measures. 


Los solicitantes de asilo detenidos después de ingresar a los Estados Unidos tienen derecho a entrevistas rápidas y justas de temor creíble y, para aquellos que tengan solicitudes de asilo creíbles, audiencias de bonos. Este caso desafía la práctica punitiva de mantener a los solicitantes de asilo en custodia durante semanas o meses sin acceso a entrevistas de temor creíble o audiencias de fianza y la falta de protecciones procesales básicas, como escuchar transcripciones y decisiones escritas, en audiencias de fianzas, así como si los solicitantes de asilo Debe soportar la carga de la prueba en los procedimientos de fianza.

El caso se presentó como una demanda colectiva en el Tribunal de Distrito de EE. UU. Para el Distrito Oeste del Norte de Washington. En diciembre, el juez de la corte de distrito rechazó el intento de los Demandados de desestimar el caso por motivos jurisdiccionales, y en marzo, el tribunal certificó dos clases en todo el país de ciertas personas que buscan entrevistas de temor creíble y audiencias de bonos de entrevista de miedo post-creíble. Los demandantes están representados por el Proyecto de Derechos de Inmigrantes del Noroeste y el Consejo de Inmigración de los Estados Unidos.

El 5 de abril de 2019, el tribunal ordenó al gobierno que proporcionara a las personas que reúnen los requisitos solicitudes de asilo de buena fe con una audiencia de fianza ante un juez de inmigración dentro de los siete días de su solicitud o que los liberara de la detención. El tribunal también ordenó que, en esa audiencia de fianza, el gobierno debe justificar la detención continuada, registrar todas las audiencias de fianza y presentar la grabación o transcripción en apelación, y presentar una decisión por escrito con determinaciones particulares de resultados individualizados al final de la audiencia de fianza. El gobierno tiene 30 días para implementar estas medidas.